As a Parker STC (Sealing Technology Center), we have a unique ability to serve our customers with technical staff in-house to provide you with the best possible O-Ring solution.
Our O-Ring stock is extensive in many materials and sizes.
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Parker O-Ring Division is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of O-Rings. R.E. Purvis & Associates, Inc. has the engineering capabilities to solve the toughest O-Ring applications. Ranging from cost-effective options to the most demanding sealing applications, R.E. Purvis does it all.
Temperature and Swell in Rubber Material Selection
ASTM International is the curator of many industry standards throughout the industrial world. The ASTM D2000 standard governs the specification of rubber products in automotive applications. This par…
How do I size an O-Ring?
To properly size an O-Ring, you need to measure two things; the inside diameter (I.D.) and the width or cross-section of the O-Ring. If your O-Ring is used and show some wear, the measurements you take may not be accurate to what the proper replacement O-Ring should be. In cases where the O-Ring is too heavily damaged to properly size a replacement, the groove or gland the O-Ring came out of should be measured.
Here is an article on our blog page that explains How To Measure An O-Ring
Which durometer O-Ring should I be using?
The durometer, or hardness of an O-Ring can affect how well the O-Ring is able to handle higher pressures and larger gaps between mating surfaces. The trade off is that the higher the durometer, the more difficult it is for the O-Ring to deform and be installed. Because of a number of factors influencing each application, it is impossible to set a guidline of which durometer to use in each situation. If you are unsure of what durometer to be using, ask your R.E. Purvis & Associates, Inc. representative to assist you with your application.
What is "flash" and how much is acceptable? What causes "flash"?
Flash is a thin film of extra material that follows the line between the two mating halves of a part mold. This extra material is the result of a small gap occuring between the mold halves and the high pressure the rubber experiences as it is formed into it's finished shape. Though most rubber manufacturers have processes in place to remove flash, it is near impossible to get all of the flash off every part. Typically, the allowance for part flash is .003" wide and .005" thick max.
What is Bloom? Will it affect my O-Ring's function?
Most nitrile and neoprene rubber materials undergo a process called “blooming” when they are stored. “Bloom” is a milky dusting of dry powder on the surface of the rubber. Typically, this is caused by unused vulcanizing agent(s) migrating to the surface of the rubber part. This blooming is entirely superficial. If the gray color is not acceptable, wash the rings in water or light mineral oil to remove it. Since blooming is entirely normal and does not affect the function of a rubber seal, it is not considered a rejectable defect. Likewise, it is not considered a contaminant in the rubber material.
What is the shelf life of an O-Ring?
Based on our manufactures recommendation, R.E. Purvis & Associates, Inc. uses the ARP 5316 recommended practice for setting shelf lives of elastomeric seals. Based on that recommendation, we suggest the following:
What is compression set?
Compression set is defined as the percent of deflection by which the elastomer fails to recover after a fixed time under specified squeeze and temperature. What this means is that it is a measurement of how much a seal changes when it is compressed to a certain level for a set amount of and then allowed to return to it's free state. To calculate the compression set of a material, you first take the original thickness of the sample and subtract the thickness of the sample at the conclusion of the test. You then divide that number by the original thickness subtracted by the thickness you compressed the sample to. Once you have done that, multiply your final number by 100 to get your compression set.
What is a cross section?
A cross section is what you'd get if you took a finished part, cut it in half, and looked at the ends. The cross section of a part can tell you a lot about how the seal functions. For example, the cross section of a u-cup can give you a better understanding of how the lips function while the system is pressurized. Cross sections are often used to gather information on why a seal may have failed and to assess the locations where wear may be occurring.